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Updated: 8 hours 17 min ago

Comments needed on Antiquities Act review

10 hours 14 min ago

From John Stewart, Cal4Wheel Natural Resources Consultant

The Department of Interior is taking public comments concerning its review of the Antiquities Act of 1906 and National Monuments created under this Act. BlueRibbon Coalition has made it very easy to submit comments. See: http://bit.ly/MoreInfo051717a

A review of National Monuments and the process to create them is long overdue. The Trump Administration has made it a reality. We must take advantage of the opportunity to affect the changes we want. Everyone who has an issue with National Monuments needs to weigh in on this. This action requires no money and no special expertise - just a couple of minutes of your time.

If this process comes back with nothing but opposition from environmental and preservationist interests, then we basically lose. This is put up or shut up time. Go out there and get everyone that you know to comment. 

The listed BRC website provides a link to the Federal Register page where comments can be submitted. Yes, there are a few steps. But, we (the OHV community) are committed to providing comments from people that would be directly affected.

Tell how the continued creation of monuments affects your recreation, your family, your history…

This effort is about retaining access to public lands. Tell Secretary of Interior Zenke your beliefs and feelings.

Below are some sample talking points to use:

— The Antiquities Act of 1906 was passed by the United States Congress and signed into law by then President Theodore Roosevelt. The law gives the President of the United States the authority to, by presidential proclamation, create national monuments from public lands to protect significant natural, cultural or scientific features. In recent years, proclamations signed by the past four Presidential administrations have signed away public access to lands far exceeding the original intent of "... the protection of objects of historic and scientific interest.” using the smallest area practicable.

— The Antiquities Act does not reference creation of “wilderness areas”. And yet, proclamation after proclamation designates that lands will become part of the National Wilderness System inventory.

— Proclamations have restricted historic activities such as hunting and fishing either directly or through onerous restrictions on access to hunting and fishing spots. State wildlife agencies that have management responsibility are hampered by onerous regulations imposed by monument plans.

— The recent Mojave Trail NM proclamation signed by President Obama has an adverse impact on traditional public access to southern California deserts. That proclamation provides for no protections for "... of objects of historic and scientific interest.” It does re-write history and creates a “wilderness area” which has historically served off-road recreation and rockhound use.

— Mojave Trails NM, Sand to Snow NM and Castle Peaks NM were created in opposition to local and user interest groups. They were within proposed legislation under review by Congress and subsequently removed for monument creation against wishes of collaborators supporting the legislative resolution.

Categories: Legislation

ExtremeTerrain Presents Jeeps At The Farm!

Wed, 05/17/2017 - 21:29
Join Us For A Full Day Of Crawling and Jeeping With The Whole Family

ExtremeTerrain is excited to be the title sponsor of “Jeeps at the Farm”, a one day family-friendly Jeep enthusiast event. Taking place at the scenic Shady Brook Farm in Yardley, Pennsylvania on Saturday May 20, 2017 (rain or shine), Jeeps at the Farm celebrates the most capable off-road vehicle ever produced with a day of non-stop Jeep action. 

Jeeps at the Farm will feature a variety of events throughout the day that allow you to put your Jeep to the test. Everything from a tricky obstacle course to a mud bog and a rock garden will push your Jeep to the limit, testing just how much articulation your suspension has. A “car crush” will also be on-site for those Jeepers who wish to conquer more than the trail. 

Jeeps at the Farm isn’t just an event for your hardcore Jeepers, it has a little something for everyone. 

Some of the biggest vendors in the industry will be there along with a host of activities that are fun for the whole family. Attendees can drop into the food, wine and beer garden on site to grab a bite or get a refreshing drink, while taking in the views from Shady Brook Farm. 

Last year’s Jeeps at the Farm attracted over 400 Jeeps and 2,200 Jeep enthusiasts for a day of crawling and flexing. This year’s event hopes to build on that success by drawing a crowd of off-road ready rigs for a full day of fun and festivities. 

From crawling through mud to flexing over boulders, Jeeps at the Farm is a must-attend event for any Jeeper. 

Be sure to grab your tickets now for one of the most exciting, Jeep exclusive events of the season!

Get your tickets at: https://www.eventbrite.com/e/jeeps-at-the-farm-may-20th-tickets-32295411445?aff=erelexpmlt

Categories: Legislation

How To Properly Abandon A Vehicle

Thu, 05/11/2017 - 13:00

As Trail Leader, you should plan for issues and problems. Some plans are generic since you cannot predict the exact situation. You apply your skills, tools, and techniques to the problem. A first aid kit is a good example. 

For some issues you can speculate what might happen and develop a specific contingency plan. One that falls into that category is the need to leave your vehicle behind. 

One of the toughest decisions a four-wheeler has to make is whether to abandon a vehicle. Fortunately, abandonment is a rare occurrence in the 4WD world. Even so, you should know what steps to take in case you as Trail Leader are faced with the issue. 

If you must leave your vehicle after exhausting all other alternatives--including towing it—consider these issues:

  • Generally what kinds of items to take and what to leave. 
  • Firearms, electronics and other valuables should be removed. While theft on the trails is rare, it can happen.
  • How to secure the vehicle and the contents left behind.
  • Decide what to do with a trailer, if one exists. Can another vehicle tow that, or does it stay behind as well?
  • Plan to recover it later 
  • Mark your position on the GPS, and write this down. Do not try to rely on memory. Landmarks and terrain appear different from various positions and angles.
  • How long before your return. Leave a note if appropriate. 
  • Can it be moved so it is not blocking the trail?

We are not talking about an emergency abandonment of the vehicle because your life is in danger (vehicle on fire). This is a planned abandonment when you have other transportation: Your vehicle is disabled and you have decided to press on for the benefit of your guests. 

Most of us have many small items (and backup items) tucked here and there throughout the vehicle wherever they will fit. Sometimes items are spread out over several bags and containers. These are bags that are always with you. But what happens when you leave the vehicle behind? You have to leave some gear behind too. There is likely not enough room in the support vehicle(s) providing you with transportation. 

In the rush to clear out the disabled vehicle, it’s easy to forget the everyday stuff: batteries (especially if in the glove compartment or other hidden spot), sun glasses, hat, boots, and such. 

The probability is that you will forget to take all the essentials. A simple example is replacement AA batteries. You remember to take your GPS, camera, and radios but forget to pull the 12v charger out of the socket. You have three or four places with backup AA batteries (the center console, in a spares case in the back, in the radio bag, etc.). None of these batteries made the transition. You decided to take only one bag and that one does not have batteries in it and didn’t think to look in the center console. BTW you forgot your sun glasses too.

The Go Bag you carry (you have one, right?) makes a very nice container and starting point to gather all the additional items you need.

Modify the list to suit your needs. 
Click on the picture for a large image.

Assess the supplies and tools the other vehicles have. You might feel it is not necessary to bring your recovery gear but might feel uncomfortable relying on a first aid kit you are not familiar with. 

Preparation for this contingency is as simple as preparing a check list. 

Categories: Legislation

ExtremeTerrain Builds A JK Beach Cruiser

Thu, 05/11/2017 - 12:19
Video Host Ryan Huck Modifies A JK Wrangler With A Mix Of Warm Weather Parts

MALVERN, Pa. (May 10, 2017) – On this month’s episode of Throttle Out, ExtremeTerrain Video Host Ryan Huck builds up a 2017 4-door JK with the goal of making it a fair-weather cruiser that can rip off-road. Ryan wasted no time getting into the build, removing all of the stock bits to make room for the laundry list of modifications.

The guiding vision for this build was to create a rig that would be just as at home and capable on the beach and romping around on a farm as it would be on the street. In order to accomplish this, Ryan went with a Teraflex 3” Sport S/T3 Lift Kit, complete with Fox 2.0 Shocks. Paired with a set of ginormous 37” tires, this 2017 JK gains a healthy amount of ground clearance and ride height, while maintaining a smooth and composed ride off-road.

A mix of Barricade Off-Road Trail Force HD Bumpers and various body armor played up the white/black contrast of the look, while also adding a good bit of off-road protection. A set of Raxiom lights enhanced the nighttime visibility of this JK, while a Barricade 9,500 lb winch ensures that this rig won’t get sidelined on the trail. Replacing the factory exhaust with Magnaflow’s Performance Series Axle-Back really rounded out the whole build by giving this JK a more aggressive exhaust note.

To test the quality of the new upgrades, Ryan hopped behind the wheel and headed off-road to a big open field, where he was able to check the ride quality of the new suspension and tire setup at speed. While he didn’t get into anything too crazy, Ryan was happy with how the build turned out. 

Categories: Legislation

DOI Lists Monuments Under Review

Fri, 05/05/2017 - 13:51
Interior Department Releases List of Monuments Under Review, Announces First-Ever Formal Public Comment Period for Antiquities Act Monuments

WASHINGTON (May 5, 2017) – The Department of the Interior today announced the first ever formal public comment period for members of the public to officially weigh in on monument designations under the Antiquities Act of 1906, and the Department released a list of monuments under review under the President’s Executive Order 13792, issued April 26, 2017. A public comment period is not required for monument designations under the Antiquities Act; however, Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke and President Trump both strongly believe that local input is a critical component of federal land management.

Comments may be submitted online after May 12 at http://www.regulations.gov by entering “DOI-2017-0002” in the Search bar and clicking “Search,” or by mail to Monument Review, MS-1530, U.S. Department of the Interior, 1849 C Street NW, Washington, DC 20240.

DATES: The Department will shortly publish a notice in the Federal Register officially opening the public comment period. Written comments relating to the Bears Ears National Monument must be submitted within 15 days of publication of that notice. Written comments relating to all other designations subject to Executive Order 13792 must be submitted within 60 days of that date.

“The Department of the Interior is the steward of America’s greatest treasures and the manager of one-fifth of our land. Part of being a good steward is being a good neighbor and listening to the American people who we represent,” said Secretary Zinke. “Today’s action, initiating a formal public comment process finally gives a voice to local communities and states when it comes to Antiquities Act monument designations. There is no pre-determined outcome on any monument. I look forward to hearing from and engaging with local communities and stakeholders as this process continues.”

Executive Order 13792 of April 26, 2017 (82 FR 20429, May 1, 2017), directs the Secretary of the Interior to review certain National Monuments designated or expanded under the Antiquities Act of 1906, 54 U.S.C. 320301-320303 (Act). Specifically, Section 2 of the Executive Order directs the Secretary to conduct a review of all Presidential designations or expansions of designations under the Antiquities Act made since January 1, 1996, where the designation covers more than 100,000 acres, where the designation after expansion covers more than 100,000 acres, or where the Secretary determines that the designation or expansion was made without adequate public outreach and coordination with relevant stakeholders, to determine whether each designation or expansion conforms to the policy set forth in section 1 of the order. Among other provisions, Section 1 states that designations should reflect the Act’s “requirements and original objectives” and “appropriately balance the protection of landmarks, structures, and objects against the appropriate use of Federal lands and the effects on surrounding lands and communities.”  82 FR 20429 (May 1, 2017). 

In making the requisite determinations, the Secretary is directed to consider:

(i)    the requirements and original objectives of the Act, including the Act’s requirement that reservations of land not exceed “the smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the objects to be protected”;

(ii)   whether designated lands are appropriately classified under the Act as “historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, [or] other objects of historic or scientific interest”;

(iii)  the effects of a designation on the available uses of designated Federal lands, including consideration of the multiple-use policy of section 102(a)(7) of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act (43 U.S.C. 1701(a)(7)), as well as the effects on the available uses of Federal lands beyond the monument boundaries;

(iv)   the effects of a designation on the use and enjoyment of non-Federal lands within or beyond monument boundaries;

(v)    concerns of State, tribal, and local governments affected by a designation, including the economic development and fiscal condition of affected States, tribes, and localities;

(vi)   the availability of Federal resources to properly manage designated areas; and

(vii)  such other factors as the Secretary deems appropriate.
82 FR 20429-20430 (May 1, 2017).

The National Monuments being initially reviewed are listed in the following tables:


Monument Location Year(s) Acreage Basin and Range Nevada 2015 703,585 Bears Ears Utah 2016 1,353,000 Berryessa Snow Mountain California 2015 330,780 Canyons of the Ancients Colorado 2000 175,160 Carrizo Plain California 2001 204,107 Cascade Siskiyou Oregon 2000/2017 100,000 Craters of the Moon Idaho 1924/2000 737,525 Giant Sequoia California 2000 327,760 Gold Butte Nevada 2016 296,937 Grand Canyon-Parashant Arizona 2000 1,014,000 Grand Staircase-Escalante Utah 1996 1,700,000 Hanford Reach Washington 2000 194,450.93 Ironwood Forest Arizona 2000 128,917 Mojave Trails California 2016 1,600,000 Organ Mountains-Desert Peaks New Mexico 2014 496,330 Rio Grande del Norte New Mexico 2013 242,555 Sand to Snow California 2016 154,000 San Gabriel Mountains California 2014 346,177 Sonoran Desert Arizona 2001 486,149 Upper Missouri River Breaks Montana 2001 377,346 Vermilion Cliffs Arizona 2000 279,568



Katahadin Woods and Waters Maine        2016         87,563     


The Department of the Interior seeks public comments related to: (1) Whether national monuments in addition to those listed above should be reviewed  because they were designated or expanded after January 1, 1996 “without adequate public outreach and coordination with relevant stakeholders;” and (2) the application of factors (i) through (vii) set forth above to the listed national monuments or to other Presidential designations or expansions of designations meeting the criteria of the Executive Order. With respect to factor (vii), comments should address other factors the Secretary might consider for this review.

In a separate but related process, certain Marine National Monuments will also be reviewed. As directed by section 4 of Executive Order 13795 of April 28, 2017, “Implementing An America-First Offshore Energy Strategy” (82 FR 20815, May 3, 2017), the Department of Commerce will lead the review of the Marine National Monuments in consultation with the Secretary of the Interior. To assist in that consultation, the Secretary will accept comments related to the application of factors (i) through (vii) in Executive Order 13792 as set forth above to the following Marine National Monuments:


Marianas Trench CNMI/Pacific Ocean 2009 60,938,240 Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Atlantic Ocean 2016 3,114,320 Pacific Remote Islands Pacific Ocean 2009 55,608,320 Papahanaumokuakea Hawaii/Pacific Ocean 2006/2016 89,600,000 Rose Atoll American Samoa/Pacific Ocean 2009 8,609,045
Categories: Legislation

Ten Homeowner Safety Tips for Protecting your Home from Wildfire

Fri, 05/05/2017 - 12:16

May 4, 2017 - With fire season approaching, homeowners and communities can make their homes safer from wildfire by reducing flammable materials and creating more defensible space around their property.

These ten safety tips can help firefighters and protect homes and neighborhoods from wildfires:

  • Clear leaves and other debris from roofs, gutters, porches and decks. This helps prevent embers from igniting your home.
  • Remove dead vegetation and other items from under your deck or porch, and within 10 feet of the house.
  • Screen in areas below patios and decks with wire mesh to prevent debris and combustible materials from accumulating.
  • Remove flammable materials (wood piles, propane tanks) within 30 feet of your home’s foundation and outbuildings, including garages and sheds. If it can catch fire, don’t let it touch your house, deck or porch.
  • Wildfire can spread to tree tops. Prune trees so the lowest branches are 6 to 10 feet from the ground.
  • Keep your lawn hydrated and maintained. If it is brown, cut it down to reduce fire intensity. Dry grass and shrubs are fuel for wildfire.
  • Don’t let debris and lawn cuttings linger. Dispose of these items quickly to reduce fuel for fire.
  • Inspect shingles or roof tiles. Replace or repair the shingles that are loose or missing to prevent ember penetration.
  • Cover exterior attic vents with metal wire mesh no larger than 1/8 inch to prevent sparks from entering the home.
  • Enclose eaves and screen soffit vents using 1/8 mesh metal screening to prevent ember entry.

Every year, wildfires burn across the U.S., and more and more people are living in areas where wildfires pose a risk. Nearly 45 million homes abut or intermingle with wildlands and more than 72,000 U.S. communities are now at risk. By working together, residents can make their own property - and their neighborhood - much safer from wildfire.

The Firewise Communities Program encourages local solutions for safety by involving homeowners to prepare their homes from the risk of wildfire. The program provides resources to help homeowners learn how to adapt to living with wildfire and encourages neighbors to work together to take action now to prevent losses.

Additional information and materials are available at www.firewise.org.

Categories: Legislation


Thu, 05/04/2017 - 12:33

SALT LAKE CITY, UT (May 4, 2017) -- A settlement involving BLM Utah travel management has been favorably received by the courts, and is poised on final approval. Recall that a proposed settlement agreement was filed in U.S. District Court in Utah on January 13, 2017, affecting roughly ten million acres of lands in six BLM Utah field offices.

Following months of negotiations, the proposed agreement was signed by the BLM, preservationist plaintiffs led by the Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance, and OHV advocacy organizations the BlueRibbon Coalition/Sharetrails.org, Colorado Off-Highway Vehicle Coalition, and Trails Preservation Alliance. Two groups of energy companies and the Utah School and Institutional Trust Lands Administration (SITLA) did not sign the settlement but do not object to it, while San Juan/Kane Counties, and the State of Utah along with six other counties, filed written objections and urged the court to reject the settlement.

The settlement was closely scrutinized but apparently passed muster with incoming agency leadership, who along with the other settling parties filed final legal documents on April 21st responding to the objections and expressing ongoing support of the agreement. The district court declined to hear argument and issued an order on April 26th finding the objectors “have not presented any legal basis for blocking the settlement” and concluding the proposed settlement “is a fair and lawful resolution of years of litigation.” Part of an earlier ruling was on appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit, which ruled on May 1st to send the case back so the district court can approve the settlement.

“We believe we have wisely navigated these murky waters,” said Paul Turcke, attorney for the OHV groups. “It is very difficult to prevent primary parties from settling their lawsuit, and this case uniquely vectored between exhausting litigation and a timely electoral twist that allowed us to board the settlement vessel while steering its course in a meaningful way,” Turcke noted.

“The settlement does not close any routes and only outlines a process for BLM planning,” observed Glen Zumwalt, a member of the OHV groups’ negotiating team. “The planning areas and timelines are acceptable, as parties we have a seat at the table if implementation issues arise, and the agreement vacates adverse decisions in the Richfield Office. Without our involvement, this agreement would have been much worse for the OHV community,” Zumwalt concluded. Additional analysis of the settlement terms can be viewed in the OHV groups’ January 13 statement.

The fate of access to these treasured lands will soon lie again in the hands of BLM, informed by input from engaged publics and local governments. It is incumbent on those seeking continuing vehicle access to vigorously participate.


The BlueRibbon Coalition/Sharetrails.org is a national non-profit organization that champions responsible recreation and encourages individual environmental stewardship. With members in all 50 states, BRC is focused on building enthusiast involvement with organizational efforts through membership, outreach, education, and collaboration among recreationists. http://sharetrails.org

COHVCO is a nonprofit organization whose member enthusiasts, organizations and businesses collectively comprise over 200,000 Coloradoans and regular visitors to Colorado and other western states who contribute millions of dollars and thousands of hours annually to off-highway vehicle recreation through registration fees, retail expenditure, project participation and related support. www.cohvco.org

The Trails Preservation Alliance is a nonprofit organization dedicated to protecting the sport of motorized trail riding, educating all user groups and the public on the value of sharing public lands for multiuse recreation, while protecting public lands for future generations. www.coloradotpa.org 

Categories: Legislation

Weekend tragedies a stern reminder of the dangers of swift currents

Wed, 05/03/2017 - 12:31

PARON – The Arkansas Game and Fish Commission would like to remind everyone to be cautious and use good judgment when driving around water or deciding to go through with previously planned trips involving on-the-water recreation. Wildlife officers and other swift-water recovery teams were involved in many operations during the last week, but the work is far from over. 

Major Jason Parker of the AGFC’s Enforcement Division, says officers are prepared to respond to additional calls resulting from continued effects of the severe weather. 

“There are many places where floodwaters from last weekend’s events have not crested,” Parker said. “All of the rain that fell in the north part of the state will be working its way down through our rivers and streams, and any additional rainfall may make the swift water even worse.” 

Motorists and boaters often underestimate the power of swift water, but one misstep can result in a life-threatening situation. According to a recent report from The Weather Channel, water moving at only 6 miles per hour has the same force of the wind in an EF5-class tornado. 

“You may feel like you’re able to fight the current wading across it, but if debris or current suddenly knock you off your feet, you’re at the mercy of the water,” Parker said. “If you get pinned against a logjam or other debris and the current is going 30 to 40 miles per hour, you simply cannot do anything about it.” 

  AGFC Director Jeff Crow agrees, adding that taking unnecessary risks with swift water not only put the victim at risk, but the men and women who try to help them. 

“Rescue teams are trained to handle swift water, but even they can’t be prepared for everything, and there’s substantial risk involved in any sort of rescue operation,” said Crow. “During these flood events, there may be the need for multiple rescue operations. Those incidents that could have been avoided may lessen the response available for those unavoidable cases that are bound to occur.” 

  According to the Federal Emergency Management Agency, it only takes only 6 inches of water will reach the floorboard of most passenger cars, causing stalling and loss of control. One foot of water will float many vehicles and two feet will carry away most any truck or SUV. Add strong current, and it takes much less water to have the same effect. 

One area Parker strongly encourages extra caution with is while driving across water-inundated roads, particularly gravel and dirt roads or those with known creek crossings. 

“The entire road may be washed out, but the water level can fool you,” Parker said. “What looks like only a few inches of water may actually be a drop of a few feet.” 

Parker says water crossings at night also can play tricks on the eyes, as it’s much harder to tell where the road is and where the water may have washed it away. 

  “Culverts also are extremely dangerous during high water,” Parker added. “They create a massive amount of suction, and can draw you into them if you are wading nearby.” 

If you do happen to find yourself in a swift water situation, Parker says the best thing to do is to try to swim with the current at an angle to the shore. 

“You won’t be able to fight fast current or go sideways in it,” Parker said. “If you can keep your wits and not panic, try to let the current carry you and work at an angle, avoiding any obstruction you see.”

Categories: Legislation

Illegal Dumping A Serious Problem

Wed, 05/03/2017 - 12:21

Illegal dumping continues to be a serious problem on all districts of the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest. Dumping destroys the natural beauty and habitat of National Forest System (NFS) lands and discourages people from visiting areas where dumping is occurring.

Illegal dump sites are constantly being discovered. Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest Law Enforcement Officers are finding dumps that include yard debris, animal carcasses, household garage, appliances, and even motor vehicles.

“It is unlawful to dump any material brought off private property onto NSF lands,” said Bill Dunkelberger, Forest Supervisor. “Illegal dumps detract from the beauty of our forests we all enjoy.”

The maximum fine that can be imposed for illegal dumping is $5,000 and/or six months in jail. Person(s) caught dumping may also be responsible for the cost of clean-up and restoration.

The costs paid by the Forest to continually clean up illegal dump sites are significant to taxpayers. The Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest have spent thousands of dollars for clean-up, proper disposal and restoration of these sites.

According to Forest officials, funds used to clean up illegal dumping sites could be used for other purposes, such as maintaining or improving recreation facilities and providing better customer service by hiring more seasonal employees.

Illegal dumping hurts the environment, as well as disrupts the natural processes on land and water. Disposal of toxic substances, such as motor oil or household cleaners, and other solid waste contaminants may seep into soil or groundwater. In the event of heavy rainfall, chemical pollutants present in illegal dumps can be washed onto local watersheds, thus polluting local drinking and recreational waters.

Dumping interferes with proper drainage of runoff. It also increases the potential of flooding if waste blocks ravines, creeks, culverts and drainage basins. In addition, illegal dumping hinders the forest floor from its natural decomposition processes. Air quality is also threatened if the illegal dumpsite is burned; many plastics and other waste products are known to be extremely toxic when burned.

Illegal dumping also affects the health and safety of humans and wildlife. Items such as metal, old appliances, broken glass and other objects may contribute to physical injuries if unexpected contact is made. Birds and small animals may die or become injured after ingesting or becoming entangled in debris. Fish and other aquatic species could be killed when decomposing litter and food wastes contaminate water.

Dump sites that include scrap tires are a perfect place for mosquitoes to breed. Insects can breed 100 times faster than normal in the warm, stagnant water which collects inside the tires. Some mosquitoes can carry life-threatening diseases. Other insects, rodents and animals that are attracted to dumps may also pose health risk.

It is important for everyone to do their part in keeping our Forest clean and safe. If you see someone illegally dumping, please do not approach the violator. After leaving the area, contact your local Forest Service office and provide the following information:

  • Date, time and location of illegal dumping
  • Description of vehicle and license plate number
  • Description of the person dumping
  • What was being dumped at the site
Categories: Legislation

Wilderness First Aid Training Valuable On And Off The Trails

Thu, 04/27/2017 - 17:59

We were returning from the Easter Safari at Moab. It was a nice drive that Saturday: sunny and warm but gusty. Soon after turning onto I-15, my radio crackled. Tim, one of my friends, excitedly reported a “major accident” involving a vehicle that had just passed him in the fast lane.

Caught by a sudden gust of wind, the Jeep careened into the cement retaining wall in the median, then bounced off into the guard rail on the other side, flipping several times in the process. Tim managed to narrowly miss being involved in the carnage.

I stopped as quickly as I could. Grabbing my first aid bag, I hurried to the scene. The Jeep came to rest on its side, with the roll bar pinning the driver underneath.

As I began my initial assessment, I glanced up and saw Tim. Reaching the vehicle first, he had made sure 911 was called, stopped traffic, turned off the vehicle, and checked if there was a possible passenger. “I felt so hopeless,” Tim said. “I did everything I could but I had no idea what to do medically.”

Value of Wilderness First Aid class

Tim’s response was very typical (and I don’t mean that in a critical way). Without the proper training, individuals don’t know what to do when they come upon an accident or other serious incident. I am certified as a Wilderness First Responder and have taken numerous recertification classes over the years. So, my reaction was somewhat more measured based on a plan drilled into us.

This incident reinforces/emphasizes the value for four-wheelers—really, anyone—to learn first aid skills. And because four wheeling takes place in remote areas, I suggest participants take the Wilderness First Aid class. An added benefit is that this training hold you in good stead in urban areas, as well.

At the time of the accident, we were about 45 miles from the nearest community with a trauma hospital (St. George, Utah). Recall that our definition of wilderness is any place two or more hours away from definitive medical care. We weren’t at that distance this time, but it was still a significant distance. Authorities didn’t take any chances: They dispatched a helicopter to the scene.

Wilderness Medical Associates teach a Patient Assessment System that contains a 3-step process to evaluating an injury or medical emergency. I will tell you a bit about it but this article can in no way substitute for hands on training.

Scene Size Up

The first step is an assessment of the scene. Though you’re eager to help, don’t go rushing in. Spend a moment just observing. You’re looking for hazards that could endanger your life and anyone else’s. These include downed power lines or a vehicle on a precarious angle that could roll over on you.

When making your initial scene assessment, determine the method of injury (MOI). The three categories are trauma, medical and environmental. Although some incidents fall under more than one category, there is a predominant MOI.

Trauma refers to significant injury such as the car accident we saw. Heart attacks & strokes are considered medical conditions. Environmental incidents include severe allergic reactions (bee stings, for example), heat strokes, hypothermia and even asthma attacks.

Determine how many patients, how many rescuers, and by standers, etc.

Primary Assessment

Next, perform an assessment of the patient. Using the BLS (basic life support) protocol, you check circulation, respiration and the nervous system. Find any issues that will kill your patient if not fixed right now – e.g. not breathing, severe bleed. A broken arm is not urgent if he is not breathing.

Note any obvious bleeding or injuries. If possible—and with gloved hands—inspect the victim thoroughly for severe bleeding.

In the above incident, the driver was talking and moving about. It was apparent he was conscious and breathing, and (most likely) did not have a spinal cord injury but not worth taking a chance. Spinal injuries, by the way, are a big concern in vehicle crashes or other violent incidents. Try to keep the patient still. People often want to get up and move around. Unless they’re in imminent danger—say, the vehicle is on fire or they’re in traffic—keep the person still.

In an urban environment with EMS on the way, BLS is about all you can and have time to do. In a wilderness context, you move to the next step. You delay calling for help until you complete the secondary assessment so you know what help is needed and the level of urgency.

Secondary Assessment

The third step is known as a secondary assessment. There are three major parts. They are not always done in a specific sequence. The situation may dictate which step you do first.

At this stage, you’re trying to get more information from the victim. Details such as medicine they’re on, allergies, symptoms, pertinent medical history, what they recall about the incident, so forth. All useful information in determining your action plan and anticipated problem.

On my problem list was:

  • MOI spine - anticipated problem spinal cord injury:
  • MOI Internal injuries – anticipated internal bleeding;
  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI) – anticipated increasing internal cranial pressure (ICP);
  • Broken right arm – anticipated problem nerve and circulator issue;
  • and the weather (cool & windy) – anticipated hypothermia.

In the secondary assessment stage, you have time to check vital signs (pulse, respiration, level of consciousness, etc.) at regular intervals. Vital signs are one of a few tools we have in the field to determine what is going on inside the body.

And you have time for a physical exam head to toe. Inspect, listen, and palpate (means touch). Find out where it hurts or tender and to what extent.


EMT showed up in 16 minutes with the helicopter just a few minutes behind. I briefed the EMT and left. He was flown to St George for care. I never found out the results.

Where to find a first aid class

First aid classes, among other training, are offered by a host of organizations. Two I’m familiar with are Wilderness Medical Associates (WMA) and National Outdoor Leadership School. Courses run from two to nine days. A two-day course is a good starter. I have taken numerous courses through WMA, and highly recommend their programs.

Incidentally, I am sponsoring a Wilderness First Aid Course on June 3 and 4 2017. An instructor from WMA will teach the class. You receive hands on training in the patient assessment system. This is a good opportunity for you to get your first aid and CPR certification as the summer four wheeling season begins.

An emergency can occur anywhere and at any time. A two-day wilderness first aid course, though covering only the basics, give you the skills and confidence to assist in many situations. Whether my course this June or one offered by another organization, I highly encourage you to sign up. And take your spouse along. The more people in your family who get this valuable training, the better.

Categories: Legislation

The Eight Most Common Threadlocking Mistakes

Fri, 04/21/2017 - 15:45

Threadlockers are one of the all-time great mechanic’s helpers. They hold nuts and bolts in place to help ensure the quality of your repair, and they keep fasteners locked in place through heavy vibration, shock, and temperature cycling to help assure that your repair stays repaired. 

Whether you’re a pro or a do-it-yourselfer, you’ve probably used threadlockers for as long as you’ve been doing repairs – they’re ‘standard issue’ in most every toolbox and garage. While you may know the basics of how to use threadlockers, there are a number of common mistakes people make when using threadlockers that can lead to incomplete holding power and issues down the line. 

Here are eight common mistakes that even some pros make when using a threadlocker:

1. Using too much threadlocker

Threadlockers only need to be applied to the first few threads on a fastener. Tightening the fastener will spread the threadlocker evenly. Using too much threadlocker can cause excess to spill out and migrate to unwanted areas.

Only apply the threadlocker to the first few
threads on a fastener to avoid ‘spill out.’ 



2. Waiting for threadlocker to cure before installing the fastener

Threadlockers are anaerobic chemicals. They only cure in the absence of air and in the presence of active metals such as iron, steel, and copper. Threadlockers won’t cure sitting out in the open air. The curing process only begins after you tighten up your fastener, which squeezes out the air. If you apply the threadlocker and wait for it to dry or get tacky, you’re just wasting time and risking contamination. With threadlockers, you can apply and install right away.

Threadlockers only cure after you
assemble the fastener.


3. Using a threadlocker that’s too strong for your application

It may seem like you always want to use the strongest threadlocker for every application, but that’s not necessarily the case. The part may have to be disassembled in the future, either by you or another technician, and having a high strength bond in place can create problems in some applications. 

Red threadlockers create the strongest bond, but they require the application of high heat and the use of tools to disassemble. Not all assemblies can tolerate high heat. Many applications can be reliably locked in with blue (medium strength), purple (low strength), or green (penetrating) threadlockers. Read the product instructions and technical data sheet to know which threadlocker is appropriate for your job.

The strength of a threadlocker determines how easy it is to disassemble.
Make sure your use the right threadlocker for the job. 

4. Ignoring application factors

There are environmental and materials issues that require special attention to ensure that threadlockers work as they’re designed.

First, cold temperatures can slow the threadlocker cure time. Second, ‘inactive’ metals like stainless steel, zinc, magnesium, or aluminum don’t promote anaerobic curing as well as ‘active metals’ like iron. The fix for both of these issues is to apply an activator on the fastener such as Permatex Surface Prep Activator for Anaerobics. This will help ensure that the threadlocker cures and holds properly. Some mechanics prefer to apply a Surface Prep activator for every threadlocker application because activators will cut the cure time in half.  

Applying an activator on the fastener will help
ensure that the threadlocker cures and holds properly.  

5. Not removing all of the old threadlocker before applying new threadlocker

If you don't remove all existing cured threadlocker from a fastener, the application of a new threadlocker will not work where the old material exists. Threadlockers are applied to just a few threads of the fastener. The action of installing the fastener spreads the threadlocker onto the remaining threads. If old, cured threadlocker is in place, it can stop the new threadlocker from being spread completely around the fastener, limiting the holding power of the newly applied threadlocker. 

Removing all the old threadlocker 
before applying the new threadlocker. 


6. Improper use of tools to remove a thread locked fastener

Fasteners installed with medium strength (blue), low strength (purple), and penetrating (green) threadlockers can be disassembled with hand tools. But assemblies that have been put together using a high strength (red) threadlocker need the application of high heat (typically from a propane torch or induction heater) to break the bond. Trying to release a fastener without heat can result in bad things happening - like broken bolt heads and busted knuckles.


Fasteners installed with a high strength (red)
threadlocker will require the use of heat for removal.

7. Not waiting for the proper cure time

Threadlockers provide excellent holding power - but only after they’ve had time to cure. Typically, threadlockers achieve ‘fixture strength’ in 20 minutes and fully cure in 24 hours.  Fixture strength means it’s OK to put your assembly back in service, but a full cure is when you’re getting the full holding power of the threadlocker. 

8. Failing to clean the fastener and the threaded hole

Dirt, grease, and oil residue are all enemies of threadlockers. To get the full cure and full holding power of your threadlocker, the male and female threads need to be completely clean and dry. Don’t shortcut this step.

Whether you’re a full-time auto repair pro or dedicated Do-it-yourselfer, threadlockers are a handy and valuable product you’ll want to use regularly. Keep clear of these common errors and your assemblies (and your customers) will thank you.


Categories: Legislation

Riders Unite - Win a Honda CRF450RX

Tue, 04/18/2017 - 12:13

Riders Unite is an idea born of a partnership between business, advocacy groups and riders all united to dramatically change the manner in which the Federal Government (and other land use agencies) see OHV interests.

Riders Unite aims to ensure that conversations about the management of Public Lands are not dominated by environmental and preservationist interests. Public Lands belong to everyone and OHV interests are legally entitled to a seat at the table. Our goal is to make sure that we are fully involved in all conversations regarding the management of our shared heritage. Although our arguments, based on demonstrable economic benefits and issues of fairness, are very strong we’ve faced strong headwinds for decades. The opportunity to change the narrative is now. The message “It’s everyone’s Public Land” resonates in the right places. It’s up to us, however, to take it to the next level – while the time is ripe.

Categories: Legislation

New Nissan Gears from Rugged Rocks

Tue, 04/18/2017 - 10:35
Rugged Rocks Develops Three New Gears for Nissan H233B in Collaboration with Revolution Gear and Axle 

Fontana, Calif. – Rugged Rocks is exclusively offering three new gears manufactured by Revolution Gear & Axle for the Nissan H233B rear and H233B reverse fronts axles. Available gears include 5.13, 5.57 and 5.89 – all of which fit front and rear axles. 

Categories: Legislation

ExtremeTerrain’s Ryan Huck Builds Up His 1998 TJ Wrangler

Wed, 04/12/2017 - 21:19

MALVERN, Pa. (April 12, 2017) – In this month’s episode of Throttle Out, ExtremeTerrain’s Video Host Ryan Huck goes over his 1998 TJ Wrangler build and upgrades the interior with some new seats. Ryan has owned his TJ since he was 16, modding it up over the years. Once serving as his daily driver, Ryan’s Wrangler got reserved for snowy weather and off-roading after he added a set of BF Goodrich Mud-Terrain T/A KM2 35” tires.

Categories: Legislation

Be Rattlesnake Safe this Spring

Fri, 04/07/2017 - 19:45

With the coming of spring and warmer weather conditions, snakes of many species are through hunkering down, making human encounters with these elusive creatures more likely. Although most native snakes are harmless, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) recommends steering clear of the venomous rattlesnake  – and knowing what to do in the event of a strike.

Categories: Legislation

AMA News and Notes: April 2017

Mon, 04/03/2017 - 09:53

National and Regional News

WASHINGTON, D.C. - President Donald Trump signed a resolution in March allowing use of the Congressional Review Act to block the implementation of the U.S. Bureau of Land Management's Planning 2.0 rule. The rule, touted by environmental groups, was opposed by the AMA and by state and local governments because the rule reduced local input on management plans for public lands. It also failed to address the economic impact and administrative costs of the proposed changes. U.S. Rep. Liz Cheney (R-Wyo.) introduced H.J.Res. 44 on Jan. 30. It passed the U.S. House of Representatives with a vote of 234 - 186 on Feb. 7. The Senate voted 51-48 in support of the resolution on March 7.

Categories: Legislation

Jeep® and Mopar Brands Reveal New Concept Vehicles for 51st Annual Moab Easter Jeep Safari

Thu, 03/30/2017 - 11:32

  • Jeep® Grand One celebrates the 25th anniversary of the 1993 Grand Cherokee ZJ
  • Jeep Safari delivers optimal views for all passengers while providing protection from the elements
  • Jeep Quicksand is a hot rod-inspired Wrangler built for sand dunes
  • Jeep Trailpass delivers Compass Trailhawk capability with added utility and cargo
  • Jeep Switchback boasts added capability with 4-inch lift kit, 37-inch tires and Dana 44 axles
  • Jeep CJ66 makes its Moab debut, fusing a trio of vehicle generations and fueled by a Mopar 345 Crate HEMI® Engine Kit
  • Jeep Luminator delivers the ultimate in lighting performance
  • Vehicles showcase a variety of Jeep Performance Parts available to enthusiasts -
Categories: Legislation

Don't "Rescue" Young Wildlife

Wed, 03/29/2017 - 11:04

SOCIAL CIRCLE, Ga. (3/28/2017) - Spring means it is time for many of Georgia’s wildlife to bear young.  Often, during this part of the year, people come in contact with seemingly “orphaned” young wildlife and want to help – but it is best to leave them where you find them, according to the Georgia Department of Natural Resources’ Wildlife Resources Division.

"When you take wildlife into your home, you often take away that animal’s ability to then survive in the wild, where they belong,” explains John Bowers, Wildlife Resources Division chief of game management.  “In most instances, there is an adult animal a short distance away – even though you may not be able to see them.  Adult animals, such as deer, spend most of the day away from their young to reduce the risk of a predator finding the young animal.”

Categories: Legislation

Living in bear country

Sat, 03/25/2017 - 11:42
Remove bird feeders now to reduce conflicts with bears later

Longer daylight hours, warming temperatures and new green plants have wildlife moving and sightings increasing. Michigan’s black bear is a species that attracts a lot of attention when spotted. Michiganders love black bears – this up-north icon decorates walls and coffee mugs, homes, restaurants and hotels. However, spring also brings increased phone calls to the Michigan Department of Natural Resources from home and business owners who have issues with bears.

Categories: Legislation

Complicated Issue? - Trail Spacing!

Thu, 03/23/2017 - 10:11
Bunch up when stopping on the trail to take pictures.

Four wheeling, especially when multiple vehicles are involved, requires teamwork to be successful. Everyone must be on the same page for the trip to come off without a hitch—or as flawlessly as possible. Something as basic as vehicle spacing can affect parts of a trip. 

They were strung out in Gohler Gulch wash in California one summer day. It was a large group, some 10 vehicles of various types. At one point the group reached a particularly challenging patch. 

Categories: Legislation